Counting Sort

Sorting Algorithm

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In this tutorial we will be learning about Counting sort algorithm.

About Counting Sort

It is a sorting algorithm in which we sort a collection of elements based on numeric keys. In this algorithm we don't compare elements while sorting. It is often used as a subroutine in other sorting algorithm.

C Code

#include <stdio.h>

//const
#define MAX 10

//function declaration
void display(int arr[], int size);
int getMax(int arr[], int size);
void countingSort(int arr[], int size);

int main() {
  //unsorted elements
  int arr[] = {10,15,1,60,5,100,25,50};

  //size of the array
  int n = sizeof(arr)/sizeof(arr[0]);

  //output unsorted elements
  display(arr, n);

  //sort the elements
  countingSort(arr, n);

  //display sorted elements
  display(arr, n);

  return 0;
}

void display(int arr[], int size) {
  int i;
  for(i = 0; i < size; i++) {
    printf("%d ", arr[i]);
  }
  printf("\n");
}

int getMax(int arr[], int size) {
  int i, max = arr[0];
  for(i = 1; i < size; i++) {
    if(arr[i] > max) {
      max = arr[i];
    }
  }
  return max;
}

void countingSort(int arr[], int size) {
  int i, max, temp[MAX], count[10], expo = 1;

  //get the max value element in the unsorted array
  max = getMax(arr, size);

  while(max / expo > 0) {
    //reset count
    for(i = 0; i < 10; i++) {
      count[i] = 0;
    }

    //save count of the occurrence
    for(i = 0; i < size; i++) {
      count[ (arr[i] / expo) % 10 ]++;
    }

    //set count to contain the actual position of the digits
    for(i = 1; i < size; i++) {
      count[i] += count [i - 1];
    }

    //build the result
    for(i = size - 1; i >= 0; i--) {
      temp[ count[ (arr[i]/expo) % 10 ]  - 1] = arr[i];
      count[ (arr[i]/expo) % 10 ]--;
    }

    //copy the result to arr
    for(i = 0; i < size; i++) {
      arr[i] = temp[i];
    }

    //increase expo, 10^x
    expo *= 10;
  }
}
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