Bucket Sort

Sorting Algorithm

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In this tutorial we will be learning about Bucket sort algorithm.

About Bucket Sort

In this sorting algorithm we create buckets and put elements into them. Then we apply some sorting algorithm (Insertion Sort) to sort the elements in each bucket. Finally we take the elements out and join them to get the sorted result.

C++ Code

#include <iostream>
#include <cmath>
#include <vector>
#include <algorithm>

//function declaration
void display(int arr[], int size);
int getMax(int arr[], int size);
void bucketSort(int arr[], int size);

using namespace std;

void display(int arr[], int size) {
  int i;
  for(i = 0; i < size; i++) {
    cout< m) {
      m = arr[i];
    }
  }
  return m;
}

void bucketSort(int arr[], int size) {
  //variables
  int max, bucket = 10, divider, i, j, k;
  
  //10 buckets
  vector B[bucket];

  //find max and min
  max = getMax(arr, size);

  divider = ceil(float(max + 1) / bucket);
  
  //insert element into bucket
  for(i = 0; i < size; i++) {
    j = floor( arr[i] / divider );
    B[j].push_back(arr[i]);
  }
  
  //sort elements in the buckets
  for(i = 0; i < bucket; i++) {
    sort(B[i].begin(), B[i].end());
  }

  //append back the elements from the buckets
  k = 0;
  for(i = 0; i < bucket; i++) {
    for(j = 0; j < B[i].size(); j++) {
      arr[k++] = B[i][j];
    }
  }
}

int main(void) {
  //unsorted elements
  int arr[] = {22,45,12,8,10,6,72,81,33,18,50,14};

  //size of the array
  int n = sizeof(arr)/sizeof(arr[0]);

  //output unsorted elements
  display(arr, n);

  //sort the elements
  bucketSort(arr, n);

  //display sorted elements
  display(arr, n);

  return 0;
}
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