In this tutorial we will learn about the Universal Logic Gate NOR.

A universal gate is a logic gate which can be used to implement any other type of logic gates.

The logic gate NOR takes two or more input and works as per the following truth table.

i.e., if both the input A and B are 0 or FALSE then the output is 1 or TRUE otherwise it is 0 or FALSE.

We can create AND, OR and NOT gate using the NOR gate.

We need only one NOR gate to implement a NOT gate. Let us first check a NOT gate and its truth table.

The logic gate NOT takes only one input and works as per the following truth table.

i.e., if the input A is 1 or TRUE then the output is 0 or FALSE and if the input A is 0 or FALSE then the output is 1 or TRUE

where, X = A NOR A

So, we feed A as input to the NOR gate and the output X is the final result which is same as a NOT gate.

So, we have a NOT gate using a NOR gate

We need two NOR gates to implement an OR gate. Let us first check an OR gate and its truth table.

i.e., if any one of the input A or B is 1 or TRUE then the output is 1 or TRUE; otherwise it is 0 or FALSE.

where, R = A NOR B

and, X = R NOR R

So, we feed A and B as input to the first NOR gate. The output of the first NOR gate R then becomes input for the second NOR gate and the output of the second NOR gate X is the final result which is same as an OR gate.

Note! For the second NOR gate both the input is equal to R.

So, we have an OR gate result using two NOR gates.

We need three NOR gates to implement an AND gate. Let us first check an AND gate and its truth table

i.e., if both the input A and B are 1 or TRUE then the output is 1 or TRUE; otherwise it is 0 or FALSE

where, A' = A NOR A

and, B' = B NOR B

and, X = A' NOR B'

So, we feed A as input to the first NOR gate and B as input to the second NOR gate. The output of the first NOR gate A' and the output of the second NOR gate B' becomes input for the third NOR gate and output of the third NOR gate X is equivalent to an AND gate.

Truth table of the First NOR gate

Truth table of the second NOR gate

Note! The third NOR gate takes A' and B' as input so, we have four input options.

So, we have the result of an AND gate using three NOR gates.

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